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Reference details

Author(s) Year Title Reference View/Download

Les Hatton , Greg Warr

2019a

CoHSI V: Identical multiple scale-independent systems within genomes and computer software

https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.09360No downloadable files available yet

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Synopsis Invited Feedback Importance (/10, author rated :-) )
A mechanism-free and symbol-agnostic conservation principle, the Conservation of Hartley-Shannon Information (CoHSI) is predicted to constrain the structure of discrete systems regardless of their origin or function. Despite their distinct provenance, genomes and computer software share a simple structural property; they are linear symbol-based discrete systems, and thus they present an opportunity to test in a comparative context the predictions of CoHSI. Here, without any consideration of, or relevance to, their role in specifying function, we identify that 10 representative genomes (from microbes to human) and a large collection of software contain identically structured nested subsystems. In the case of base sequences in genomes, CoHSI predicts that if we split the genome into n-tuples (a 2-tuple is a pair of consecutive bases; a 3-tuple is a trio and so on), without regard for whether or not a region is coding, then each collection of n-tuples will constitute a homogeneous discrete system and will obey a power-law in frequency of occurrence of the n-tuples. We consider 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- and 8-tuples of ten species and demonstrate that the predicted power-law behavior is emphatically present, and furthermore as predicted, is insensitive to the start window for the tuple extraction i.e. the reading frame is irrelevant. We go on to provide a proof of Chargaff's second parity rule and on the basis of this proof, predict higher order tuple parity rules which we then identify in the genome data. CoHSI predicts precisely the same behavior in computer software. This prediction was tested and confirmed using 2-, 3- and 4-tuples of the hexadecimal representation of machine code in multiple computer programs, underlining the fundamental role played by CoHSI in defining the landscape in which discrete symbol-based systems must operate.None yet9

Related links

Related papers and links

https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.09360


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